Serengeti National Park is undoubtedly the best known wildlife sanctuary in the world, unequalled for its natural beauty and scientific value. Within its boundaries are more than 3 millions large mammals living in total freedom on the endless plains (as Serengeti means in Maasai language) dotted with rock outcrops, patches of Acacia bush, forest and seasonal small rivers.
About 35 species of plains animals can be observed here including the” big five”- elephant, rhino, lion (more than 2000 of them), leopard and buffalo and huge herds of wildebeest, gazelle and a zebra which is late May or early June, depending on the weather, begin their spectacular migration from the central Serengeti plains to the permanent water sources in the west and north of the park. Lines and columns of wildebeest up to 40Km long have been observed. At the tail end of the procession come the crippled and those too old to keep up. Lion’s, Cheetah, Hyenas and hunting dogs follow the migration, making sure that only the fittest survive, while vultures, cricking overhead, wait patiently to scavenge.
Other common species found in the Serengeti include hippo, giraffe, eland, impala, waterbuck, klipspringer, grants and tom sons gazelles, baboon, velvet and patas monkeys, warthog, kongoni, topi, hyraxes, hartebeest, jackals and foxes and a rich selections of bird life. Nearly 500 species of birds have been recorded in the park, some of which are Eurasian migrants which are present from October to April; Crocodiles can be observed in the rivers traversing the park.